Save the Rhino International

Mkomazi Rhino Sanctuary, Tanzania

Managed by the legendary conservationist Tony Fitzjohn, OBE of the George Adamson Wildlife Preservation Trust, the Mkomazi Rhino Sanctuary within the Park is the first and only rhino sanctuary in Tanzania. Currently, thirteen black rhinos live in the Sanctuary, and the animals are intensively protected by a team of dedicated anti-poaching patrols.

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  • AnimalsAnimals
  • Environment/ConservationEnvironment/Conservation




Mkomazi National Park in Tanzania, together with Tsavo National Park in Kenya on its northern boundary, forms one of the largest protected areas in Africa: the Tsavo / Mkomazi ecosystem. There are only approx. 70 of the Critically Endangered Eastern black rhino D.b. michaeli residing in Tanzania. The Mkomazi Rhino Sanctuary (MRS) is therefore an integral part of Tanzania’s efforts to breed black rhino and recover numbers. The Sanctuary also benefits lots of other wildlife; MRS staff have noted a rising number in other species, including impala, giraffe, eland, lesser kudu, warthog and large and small cats. In 1989, the Government of Tanzania (GT) invited the George Adamson Wildlife Preservation Trust (GAWPT) to work with it on an infrastructural rehabilitation programme for Mkomazi Game Reserve (MGR), including restoration of habitat, re-introduction and breeding programmes for the highly endangered Black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis michaeli) and African wild dog (Lycaon Pictus) and community outreach programmes. The Mkomazi Project was awarded National Priority Project status. In 2008, the GT upgraded the Reserve to a National Park, demonstrating its commitment to strengthening Mkomazi’s protected status. The MRS is protected by an electrified 31km fence; the fence stops the rhinos from straying out of the prime rhino habitat and provides an alarm if someone tries to break in. It is a clean, clear line for the armed rangers and the fence gangs to patrol, and a huge psychological and physical barrier to renegade interference. The original fence posts are coming to the end of their 12-15 year life-span and we are currently seeking funds for the replacement and maintenance of these posts.